 Technology Advances

# Conditional Statements

 Introduction to Conditional Statements: if..else switch

#### 1. Introduction to Conditional Statements:

A computer is an electronic device which can perform arithmetic operations as well logical decisions.

At this point, computer is far away from an ordinary calculator which able to perform only arithmetic operations.

We can ask the biggest value from the given two values using conditional statements like if-else, switch.

#### 2. if..else

It is a conditional statement to find the variance between two expressions.

 Syntax: if ( )      { ; } else      { ; }

Every if has a condition and two statement blocks. If the condition is true it executes the first st.block and vice versa.

 Eg. If( a>b )      printf(“A is big”); else      printf(“B is big”);

Note: No need of block for Single statements.

1. Program to find the biggest of 2 values

/* 12_if.c */
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{      /* Begin */
int a, b;      /* Declaration of Variables */
printf("\nEnter A value : "); scanf("%d", &a);      /* Read value A */
printf("\nEnter B value : "); scanf("%d", &b);      /* Read value B */
if( a>b )      /* Compare both */
printf("A is big");
else
printf("B is big");      /* Print the result */
return 0;
}      /* End */

This is a list of operators in the C++ and C programming languages. All the operators listed exist in C++

#### Arithmetic Operators

 Operator Purpose + Addition - Subtraction * Multiplication / Division % Remainder after integer division (modulus)

#### Unary Operators

 Operator Purpose - Minus (negative number) ++ Increment (increase by 1) -- Decrement (decrease by 1) sizeof Size, in bytes (type) Cast

#### Relational Operators

 Operator Purpose < Less Than <= Less Than Or Equal To > Greater Than >= Greater Than Or Equal To

#### Equality Operators

 Operator Purpose == Equal To != Not Equal To

#### Logical Operators

 Operator Purpose && AND || OR ! NOT

#### Bit-Manipulating Operators

 Operator Purpose & AND | OR ~ NOT ^ XOR << Shift Left >> Shift Right

#### Operator Precedence Groups

 Operator Category Operators Associativity unary operators - ++ -- ! sizeof (type) R to L arithmetic multiply, divide and remainder * / % L to R arithmetic add and subtract + - L to R relational operators < <= > >= L to R equality operators == != L to R logical operators && || L to R conditional operators ? : R to L assignment operators = += -= *= /= %= R to L

#### More Excercises

The reason behind more exercises is to get acquainted with the learned statements, if you are confident you don’t have to run the following programs.

/* 01. Program to find the age of a person from the following details */
/* age <= 12 Child Age
age >= 13 and age <= 19 Teen Age
age >= 20 and age <= 35 Young Age
age >= 36 and age < 50 Middle Age
age >= 50 Old Age
*/

/* 13_age.c */
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
char name;
int age;
clrscr();
print "Enter U'r name "; input name;
print "Enter U'r age "; input age;
printf("\n%s U are in ");
if ( age <= 12 ) printf("Child Age");
if ( age >= 13 and age <= 19 ) printf("Teen Age");
if ( age >= 20 and age <= 35 ) printf("Young Age");
if ( age >= 36 and age < 50 ) printf("Middle Age");
if ( age >= 50 ) printf("Old Age");
return 0;
}

/* 02. Program to find the biggest of 3 Values */

/* 14_big3.c */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
int main()
{
int a, b, c;
clrscr();
printf("Enter A value "); scanf("%d", &a);
printf("Enter B value "); scanf("%d", &b);
printf("Enter C value "); scanf("%d", &c);
if( a > b && a > c ) printf( "A is big " );
if( b > a && b > c ) printf( "B is big " );
if( c > a && c > b ) printf( "C is big " );
return 0;
}

/* 03. Program to find the biggest of 3 Values using if..else */

/* 15_big3.c */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
int main()
{
int a, b, c;
clrscr();
printf("Enter A value "); scanf("%d", &a);
printf("Enter B value "); scanf("%d", &b);
printf("Enter C value "); scanf("%d", &c);
if( a > b && a > c )
printf( "A is big " );
else
if ( b > c )
printf( "B is big " );
else
printf( "C is big " );
return 0;
}

/* 04. Program to find the biggest of 3 Values using nested if */

/* 16_big3.c */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
int main()
{
int a, b, c;
clrscr();
printf("Enter A value "); scanf("%d", &a);
printf("Enter B value "); scanf("%d", &b);
printf("Enter C value "); scanf("%d", &c);
if( a > b )
if( a > c )
printf(" A is big ");
else
printf(" C is big ");
else
if( b > c )
printf(" B is big ");
else
printf(" C is big ");
return 0;
}

/* 05. To find the week day of the given number */

/* 17_week.c */
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
int week;
printf("Enter week number "); scanf("%d", &week);
if (week == 1 ) printf ("Sunday");
if (week == 2 ) printf ("Monday");
if (week == 3 ) printf ("Tuesday");
if (week == 4 ) printf ("Wednesday");
if (week == 5 ) printf ("Thursday");
if (week == 6 ) printf ("Friday");
if (week == 7 ) printf ("Saturday");
if ( week < 1 || week > 7 ) printf("Bad Day");
return 0;
}

#### 3. Switch

A multi-conditional st. has the ability to check the variance of more than one expression.

Syntax:

 switch() {      case : ; break;      case : ; break;      ......      Default : ; }

Eg.

 switch(week) {      case 1 : printf( “Sun Day”); break;      case 2 : printf(“Mon Day”); break;      .      .      case 7: printf(“Satur Day”); break;      default : printf(“Wrong Entry”); }

/* 06. To find the week day of the given number using switch statement */

/* 18_switch.c */
#include <stdio.h>
int main()
{
int week;
printf("Enter week number "); scanf("%d", &week);
switch(week)
{
case 1 : printf ("Sunday"); break;
case 2 : printf ("Monday"); break;
case 3 : printf ("Tuesday"); break;
case 4 : printf ("Wednesday"); break;
case 5 : printf ("Thursday"); break;
case 6 : printf ("Friday"); break;
case 7 : printf ("Saturday"); break;
default : printf("Wrong Entry");
}
return 0;
}

## Contact

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